The execution of Brigade scripts involves dynamically creating (and destroying) a number of Kubernetes objects, including pods, secrets, and persistent volume claims. For that reason, it is prudent to configure security.
- Isolate Brigade in a namespace: It is best to run Brigade in its own namespace. For example,
in a Helm install, do
helm install --namespace brigade ....
- Enable RBAC: When installing with Helm, using
--set rbac.enabled=truewill turn on role-based access control.
- Do not run more than one brigade per namespace: Running multiple installs of Brigade in the same namespace can cause naming collisions which could result in unauthorized access to pods.
- Do not run multiple tenants against the same brigade: Brigade does not implement security controls that allow multiple tenants to share the same Brigade instance. Brigade supports multiple projects per Brigade server instance, but those projects should be owned by the same tenant.
How RBAC Is Configured
The Helm chart for Brigade includes an RBAC configuration that is designed to run in an isolated namespace.
The RBAC defines a Service Account for every Deployment (API, Controller, Gateway), as well as a Service Account for the Brigade worker.
Each deployment also has a Role, which describes the permissions that the particular service needs.
The resulting Role Bindings, then, are a simple one-to-one match between the Service Account and the Role.
Workers are an exception. The Service Account for a worker is hard-coded to
and all workers are bound to a Role that allows operations on pods, secrets, and
persistent volume claims.
Brigade is opinionated about configuring projects and storing data like credentials. Because sensitive information is stored in a project’s secret, care should be taken in preventing unauthorized access to that secret.
- Out-of-the-box, the project is the location where credentials should be stored
- A project’s credentials are accessible to any script running in that project, regardless of event.
- For SSH-based Git clones, the SSH key should be stored on the project.
Note that if Helm is used to create a project, the project’s secrets will be cached within Helm’s release object. Read the Helm docs to learn how to secure Helm.
Brigade scripts can create pods, secrets, and persistent volume claims. Brigade does not evaluate the security of the containers that a pod runs. Consequently, it is best to avoid using untrusted containers in Brigade scripts. Likewise, it is not recommended to inject secrets into a container without first auditing the container.
In Brigade, a gateway is any service that translates some external prompt (webhook, 3rd party API, cron trigger, etc.) into a Brigade event.
Gateways are the most likely service to have an external network connection. We suggest the following features of a gateway:
- A gateway should use appropriate network-level encryption
- A gateway should implement authentication/authorization with the upstream service
- In most cases, auth requirements should not be passed on to other elements of Brigade.
- The exception is alternative VCS implementations, where the git-sidecar may be replaced by another sidecar.
API Server Security
Brigade includes an API server which allows external tools to discover state about Brigade projects, builds, and jobs.
This service should only be exposed to the outside network when necessary. And when exposed, it should use transport layer security (aka SSL) whenever possible.